The word ‘Raisins’ is originated from Latin word “racemes” meaning a bunch of grapes, and the scientific name is Vitas viniferous. Simply saying, a raisin is sun dried (Dried up to 80-85%) grape of certain varieties with a high content of sugar and solid flesh. Raisins are processed and eaten all over the world. Today Raisins have become a common part of daily diets.
Raisins are sun dried or oven dried dehydrated grapes. Raisins are of the size of small pebbles, raisins have wrinkled skins surrounding chewy flesh that tastes like a burst of sugary sweetness.
At present the largest commercial producers of raisins are California, Australia, Turkey, Greece, Iran and Chile
India has been the producer of Raisin since 1983. In the crop year 2009 around 100000 MT was produced in India.
Nutritional Valueof Raisins
Raisins are the best source of quick energy, as they contain 70 percent pure fructose, which gets digested by the body easily and gives instant energy.Raisins can contain up to 72% sugars by weight, most of which is fructose and glucose. They also contain about 3% protein and 3.7%–6.8% dietary fibre.
- 1. Size: 2-3cm,3cm up
- 2. Content: Moisture < 14%, sugar > 52%, impurity < 2%, acidity 1.4% - 2.1%, Benign impurity <1%, Saccharification crystal grain <5% Imperfect <5%
- 3. Color: yellow